Growth Hormone (GH), also known as Somatotropin, is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals. It is therefore extremely important in the process of human development.
The very first product containing growth hormone was an extract of the pituitary gland of the deceased. Only in 1981, scientists managed to create a recombinant product of somatotropin, which was a breakthrough in this field. 8 years after this discovery, somatotropin was banned by the Olympic Sports Committee. But even this did not force the athletes to abandon the use of the drug. Its sales have grown significantly over the past 20 years. Mostly bodybuilders take the hormone. They combine it with other anabolic substances to enhance the positive effect.
The drug has an anabolic effect, contributing to the growth of muscle mass and an anti-catabolic effect that slows down the process of muscle destruction. HGH also has an influence on the fat layer, reducing its volume. It has regulating action on the expenditure of energy resources by the body as well as a rejuvenating effect on the body as a whole. The drug has the ability to heal skin and tissue wounds with a strengthening effect, contributing to increased immunity. It is additionally responsible for the monitoring of blood glucose levels. HGH is appreciated by athletes of all ages. Older athletes love it because it can stimulate the growth of organs that weaken over the years. On the other hand, it can influence the strengthening of bone tissue and the development of bones for persons under the age of 26.
Some of these achievements are caused by the product itself, and some of them are simply mediated by an insulin-like growth factor called IGF-1. Not so long ago, this factor was also called somatomedin C, and its production in the body was observed exclusively in the liver from the action of somatotropin. It has a stimulating effect on the enlargement of most organs. Mostly, the effect of GH depends on the influence of IGF-1.